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Role of the TSO and the DSO

Should the TSO be responsible for solving both congestion at transmission and distribution level? Please explain.

Should the DSO become the market operator of a local market for flexibilities or should this be organized by an independent market operator?

Would it be a possibility that the DSO becomes responsible for the balancing of the distribution grid during normal day-to-day operation? What would be benefits or risks? Please explain.

Is it realistic to assume that DSOs will also buy local flexibility in real-time or near to real-time to solve local congestion, compared to network reinforcements or buying flexibilities in long term?

What could be other out-of-the box options to increase efficiency of TSO-DSO coordination which have not been discussed in this consultation document? What would be advantages or disadvantages of your suggestion? Please explain your answer.

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